Adenoidectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the adenoids, which are small pads of tissue located at the back of the nose and upper throat. Adenoids play a role in immune function by producing antibodies to fight off infections, but they can also become enlarged and obstruct the airway, leading to breathing problems, snoring, and recurrent ear or sinus infections.
Adenoidectomy is usually performed under general anesthesia and takes about 15-30 minutes. During the procedure, the surgeon uses a special instrument to remove the adenoids through the mouth, without making any external incisions.
After the surgery, the patient may experience mild to moderate pain and discomfort, as well as a sore throat and difficulty swallowing for several days. Antibiotics and pain medications may be prescribed to manage these symptoms. The patient may also need to avoid certain foods and activities for a few days to promote healing.
Adenoidectomy is a safe and effective treatment for children and adults with recurrent or chronic adenoid-related conditions, such as obstructive sleep apnea, chronic sinusitis, and ear infections. It can improve breathing, reduce snoring, and prevent complications such as hearing loss, speech delay, and dental problems.