Ear infection surgery is a type of surgical procedure that is performed to treat chronic or recurrent ear infections. The most common type of ear infection surgery is a myringotomy, also known as a tympanostomy.

During a myringotomy, the surgeon creates a small hole in the eardrum and inserts a tiny tube, called a tympanostomy tube or ventilation tube, into the middle ear. This tube allows air to enter the middle ear, which helps to equalize the pressure and prevent fluid buildup, which can lead to infection.

The tube usually stays in place for several months to a few years before falling out on its own or being removed by a doctor. In some cases, a second surgery may be necessary to replace the tube if the ear infection recurs or the tube falls out too soon.

Myringotomy is typically performed under local anesthesia and takes about 15-30 minutes. It is a relatively safe and effective procedure that can provide relief from chronic or recurrent ear infections and prevent complications such as hearing loss, mastoiditis, and meningitis.