Eardrum repair surgery, also known as myringoplasty or tympanoplasty, is a surgical procedure used to repair a perforated or damaged eardrum. The eardrum is a thin membrane that separates the outer ear from the middle ear and plays an important role in hearing by transmitting sound vibrations to the inner ear.

A perforated eardrum can be caused by a variety of factors, such as trauma, infection, or exposure to loud noise. It can result in hearing loss, ear pain, and an increased risk of ear infections.

During eardrum repair surgery, a surgeon will typically make an incision behind the ear or in the ear canal to access the middle ear. They will then use a graft of tissue to patch the hole in the eardrum. The graft tissue can be taken from the patient’s own body or from a donor.

After the surgery, the patient will need to avoid getting water in their ear and limit physical activity for several weeks to allow for proper healing. The success rate of eardrum repair surgery varies depending on the extent of the damage and the underlying cause, but in general, the procedure has a high success rate and can significantly improve a patient’s hearing and quality of life.