Meniere’s disease is a disorder of the inner ear that can cause vertigo (a spinning sensation), hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ear), and a feeling of fullness or pressure in the affected ear. It is a chronic condition that usually affects only one ear, although it can affect both ears in some cases.
The cause of Meniere’s disease is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to a build-up of fluid in the inner ear, which can disrupt the balance and hearing functions of the ear. Other factors that may contribute to the development of Meniere’s disease include allergies, viral infections, head trauma, and genetic factors.
The symptoms of Meniere’s disease can vary from person to person, but they usually include episodic attacks of vertigo that last from a few minutes to several hours, followed by a period of reduced symptoms. Other symptoms may include hearing loss that fluctuates, tinnitus, and a feeling of fullness or pressure in the ear.
Treatment for Meniere’s disease may include medications to control symptoms such as vertigo, diuretics to reduce fluid build-up in the inner ear, and hearing aids or cochlear implants to address hearing loss. In some cases, surgery may be recommended to relieve symptoms or to restore balance and hearing function.