Tonsillitis is an inflammation or infection of the tonsils, which are two masses of tissue located at the back of the throat. Tonsillitis can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection and is more common in children than adults.
The symptoms of tonsillitis may include sore throat, difficulty swallowing, red and swollen tonsils, fever, headache, and tender or swollen lymph nodes in the neck. In severe cases, tonsillitis may also cause difficulty breathing and sleeping.
Treatment for tonsillitis depends on the underlying cause. If the cause is bacterial, antibiotics may be prescribed to help fight the infection. Over-the-counter pain relievers and saltwater gargles can help to alleviate symptoms. In some cases, surgery to remove the tonsils (tonsillectomy) may be necessary if the condition is recurrent or chronic.
If you suspect you or your child has tonsillitis, it’s important to seek medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment. Complications of untreated tonsillitis can include abscess formation, rheumatic fever, and kidney inflammation.