Otosclerosis is a condition that affects the bones of the middle ear and can cause hearing loss. In otosclerosis, abnormal bone growth occurs in the middle ear, specifically in the stapes bone, which can limit its ability to vibrate and transmit sound to the inner ear. This can result in a gradual hearing loss that worsens over time.

The exact cause of otosclerosis is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. It is more common in women and tends to run in families.

Symptoms of Otosclerosis Here

The symptoms of otosclerosis can vary depending on the severity and progression of the condition. Some common symptoms include:

  1. Gradual hearing loss: This is the most common symptom of otosclerosis. It usually affects both ears, but it may start in one ear and progress to the other. The hearing loss may be mild at first, but it can worsen over time.

  2. Tinnitus: Tinnitus is a ringing, buzzing, or hissing sound in the ears that is not caused by an external source. It can be intermittent or constant, and can be mild or severe.

  3. Vertigo: Some people with otosclerosis may experience vertigo, which is a spinning sensation or dizziness. This can be caused by changes in pressure within the inner ear.

  4. Balance problems: In addition to vertigo, otosclerosis can cause balance problems, which can lead to falls or difficulty with coordination.

  5. Difficulty understanding speech: As the hearing loss associated with otosclerosis progresses, it may become difficult to understand speech, especially in noisy environments.

  6. Pressure or fullness in the ear: Some people with otosclerosis may experience a feeling of pressure or fullness in the affected ear.

  7. Fatigue: The effort required to hear and understand speech can be tiring, especially for those with significant hearing loss.

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see an ear, nose, and throat specialist (otolaryngologist) for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. While there is no cure for otosclerosis, treatment options include hearing aids, medication, and surgery.

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Dr. Vivek Kumar Pathak has several decades of domain-specific experience under his belt. Dr. Vivek Kumar Pathak has over 10 years of experience in his field. The clinician treats and manages a wide range of conditions such as Nasal Polyps, Radiation Necrosis in the Neck, Hyperthyroidism, Goiter

Some of the common conditions treated by the ENT surgeon are hearing loss, tonsillitis, and nasal polyps. The cochlear implant helps bypass the damaged ear and also stimulates the auditory nerve. “Tonsillectomy is the surgical removal of your tonsils and is performed if there is a frequent occurrence of tonsillitis.

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Dr. Vivek Kumar Pathak

MBBS, MS ( ENT Specialist) <br> ENT Surgeon at Kailash Hospital, Greater Noida <br>
ENT Surgeon at Sharda Hospital, Greater Noida <br>
ENT Surgeon at Doxtreat Healthcare, Noida